The world’s most valuable cotton fabric could be a little less precious when it comes to the price.
The world has seen its share of cotton prices fall, with cotton gin and cotton rugs fetching up to $2,000 per pound.
But there is hope, and one of the most expensive cotton fabrics in the world, a 50/50 mix of cotton and polyester, has made a comeback.
A research paper published in the journal Nature Communications this week describes the discovery of a new class of polyester-based polyester fabrics.
The research, led by Professor Jonathan Jones of the University of Bristol, revealed the existence of a brand new class that contains more than 50% polyester and less than 25% cotton.
“It is a new kind of polypropylene, a polymer that is very stable, easy to work with, and also a great deal of economic value,” Professor Jones said.
“Its performance on certain industrial tasks, for example, textile production, can be quite high.”
Professor Jones says the cotton gin is the most valuable in the class of fabrics.
“We have a 50% cotton gin, 50% Polyester gin, and a 25% polycarbonate gin,” he said.
The study also reveals that the polyester gin is not as strong as the polypropane gin, which is the mainstay of the world’s textile industry.
“Polycarbonate is actually more stable and durable,” Professor David Stroud, from the University’s Department of Materials Science and Engineering, said.
A key factor in the resurgence of cotton gin has been the introduction of cheap, biodegradable polyester in the past decade.
“Biodegradables are very easy to use, biocompatible, cheap, cheap to produce,” Professor Stroud said.
“They make a lot of sense in the industrial world, because cotton can be extremely difficult to produce.”
Professor Stroud is now working on a new research project to understand how biodegrading polyester will affect the world economy.
“A lot of cotton is used in the production of textiles.
There is a huge need to make biodegradeable polyesters to reduce the environmental impact,” he explained.”
In the next five years, the cotton industry will be looking at biodegrades of polyesters in a very different way, as a way of addressing a growing need for a more sustainable, eco-friendly textile industry.”
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